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Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens.
It has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks highly in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality, prosperity and human development.
Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag.
Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister.
Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD.
With the Swedish involvement in the Thirty Years War, on the Reformist side, began an expansion of its territories and eventually the Swedish Empire was formed.
Today, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway.
The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country.
The union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905.
Though Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars, Sweden engaged in humanitarian efforts, such as taking in refugees from German-occupied Europe.